Drivers, donors and consumers. Who else will be affected by the changes in September?
In September 2022, laws will come into force that will affect various categories of Russians: drivers, consumers, developers, tourists. Also, new rules for training for rights and dispensing milk “for harmfulness” will come into force. What exactly will change in September — read in aif.ru collection.
Teachers will be freed from part of the paperwork
On 1 September, the order of the Ministry of Education of Russia will come into force, which removes part of the bureaucratic burden from teachers. In according to document, teachers will be responsible for filling out only five documents — the rest will be taken over by administrative staff. The order provides for the following documents, which must be drawn up and filled out by teachers:
work program of the subject, course (including extracurricular activities), training module;
- progress log;
- extracurricular activity log (for teaching staff engaged in extracurricular activity);
- plan of educational work (for teachers performing the functions of class management);
- characteristic of student (on request).
Driver training rules will change
For Russians who will undergo training to obtain a driver's license, the training time changes from September and other innovations begin to work. From 1 September, the corresponding order of the Ministry of Education of Russia dated 11.08.2021 N 808 “On the approval of exemplary vocational training programs for drivers of vehicles of the corresponding categories and subcategories ” comes into force.
Now the practical training of the driver will last 56 hours — 18 hours of exercise on the playground and 36 — in city. Now the “platform” takes 6 more hours — 24 hours, and "city" — 6 hours less, 32 hours.
In addition, the order provides for the introduction of new retraining programs according to a simplified scheme. The subjects of the basic cycle were excluded from all retraining courses, and from the retraining course from a trolleybus driver to categories B1, C1, D1, the basics of driving vehicles, organizing and performing freight transportation by road, driving vehicles were excluded. The truncation of the educational program made it possible to reduce the time of teaching theory by 58 hours, and practice — for 26 hours.
Now there are 30 retraining programs for drivers, which are implemented in abbreviated form. From 1 September, according to abbreviated training program, the following categories will be able to obtain the rights of another category:
- Trolleybus drivers (Tb) in categories B, C, D and subcategories B1, C1, D1.< /li>
- drivers of two-wheelers (motorcycles (A), light motorcycles (A1), mopeds (M)) to cars (B).
< h2>More votes will be needed to select a management company
From 1 September, in order for the owners to be able to choose an organization to manage the apartment building, more than 50% of consents will need to be collected at the meeting, and this number can include both the owners of apartments, and non-residential premises and car spaces. Experts explain that such a procedure has existed in practice for a long time: despite the fact that 25% + 1 is now enough for a quorum, signatures of half of the owners of the premises must be collected to conclude an apartment building management agreement. The new procedure will most likely help to fight unscrupulous companies that avoided concluding an agreement with owners, or falsifying the results of the meeting of owners.
They will simplify the conditions for passing technical inspection
Drivers will be able to comply with fewer conditions to pass the technical inspection of the car from 1 September. The list of mandatory items for obtaining a diagnostic card has been reduced from 82 to 55 items. Service stations will no longer check:
- first aid kit;
- fire extinguisher;
- Emergency stop sign;
- dropping of oils and working fluids from engines, gearboxes, final drives , rear axle, clutch, battery and air conditioner;
- corrosion and mechanical damage to pipelines and hoses;
- exhaust system noise level;
- operation of standard anti-theft devices;
- instead of the residual depth of the tread pattern, its height will be measured;
- windshield washer fluid supply to the windshield. At the same time, the serviceability of the wipers will continue to be checked.
From 1 September, the state will encourage employers who employ young people, that is Russians under 30 years of age. To receive a subsidy, you need to hire a young person who is registered as unemployed at the labor exchange — apply on the website “Work of Russia”, and after concluding an employment contract, apply to the Social Insurance Fund. For every hired employer account will be credited 60 thousand rubles in three tranches — when the employee has worked for one month, three months and six months.
It is important that the penalties for lack of a first aid kit, fire extinguisher and emergency gang» are saved.
The system of electronic vouchers will work
From 1 September, the unified information system will start working in test mode, which will unite tour operators and travelers. This system will allow you to create electronic tours and create a base of contracts with all conditions and information about payment for tours. Travelers who have purchased a tourism product will receive a QR code, which will encrypt the data of the tour buyer and information about the tourism product. As he told the “Parliamentary newspaper” Chairman of the State Duma Committee on tourism and development of tourism infrastructure Sangadzhi Tarbaev, the innovations will make it possible to bring tourism contractors out of the gray zone, and to be aware of all the cash flows of this industry, which will allow for faster protection of rights tourists.
Employers who hire young people will be able to receive a subsidy
Sellers will not be able to demand information about the buyer
From 1 September, amendments to the law on protection of consumer rights will come into force: sellers will not be able to refuse to complete a transaction if the buyer does do not want to provide their personal data, for example, name, phone number, passport data and etc. For the sphere of trade and provision of services, the usual practice — collect all the necessary and not necessary consumer data, regardless of whether the information is needed to conclude the contract or not. For violation of the new requirements, the organization will pay a fine from 30 to 50 thousand rubles, an official — from 5 to 10 thousand rubles.
It is important to understand that there are situations when it is impossible to do without providing personal data. For example, if you need to deliver a purchase or issue a return — the seller has the right to request contact details or not to provide the service in case of refusal. In addition, there are cases when the seller is obliged to require a passport, for example, when paying for jewelry in cash — from 40 thousand rubles, by card — from 100 thousand rubles.
A list of conditions in contracts that violate consumer rights has been defined
On 1 September, a list of conditions that the seller does not ;has the right to include in the contract, as they automatically infringe on the rights of the consumer:
- it is impossible to include terms of cognizance without the consent of consumer;
- it is impossible to enter penalties for refusal to execution of the contract;
- set a specific form or method of payment;
- you can not restrict the rights of the consumer if the product is of poor quality.
< li>impose additional work or services;
Now, when drafting the text of the contract, the seller will be limited in wording. If earlier the conditions that infringe on the rights of consumers were determined by the court or Rospotrebnadzor, now a specific list of unacceptable conditions has been established.
The Russian app store will be installed on all smartphones
From September to all phones that provide for the operation of applications will install a domestic application store before sale as a replacement for Google Play and Apple Pay. Such measures are associated with the imposition of sanctions — restricting access to a number of programs by foreign companies.Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin explained that Russians are accustomed to using programs with useful content, ordering goods and services via the Internet — creating your own "app with apps" will allow Russian developers to offer alternatives to outdated applications for users by posting and selling them on the platform.
The rules for issuing milk “for harmful”
Since 1 September, workers of “harmful” industries will not be able to receive cottage cheese and cheese — these products are excluded from the list of products that can replace milk with. In addition, by the new order of the Ministry of Labor of the Russian Federation of May 12, 2022 No. 291н, the issuance of milk or dairy products for the past shifts is allowed, but only on the condition that the employee was unable to receive the products in a timely manner due to the employer. How exactly the employees will be able to exercise the new right, employers must establish by adopting the appropriate local act, including a description of the procedure in the collective agreement or labor contract.
Penalties for environmental pollution will be spent on environment
The money coming into the budget from the payment of fines for environmental offenses or crimes, as well as from voluntary compensation for harm caused to the environment, will be spent exclusively on maintenance of the environment. Thus, money received from citizens who have committed offenses under Chapter 8 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation, as well as payment for negative impact on the environment, will go to the benefit of the environment. Amendments to the Federal Law "On Environmental Protection" will come into effect from 1 September.
Property registration rules for developers will change
From 1 September applicable Rosreestr to register the construction site will be those who give permission to put the building into operation. According to the new rules, the developer, when submitting an application for putting an object into operation, must indicate his consent to registration of property rights, but only if the case if the house was built solely at its funds. If funds from investors are involved in the construction — they must also consent to the registration activities. In the in the involvement of equity holders' money in construction, this rule will not be applied.
A registry of bone marrow donors will appear
S 1 September By 2022, finding bone marrow donors will become easier — Relevant amendments to laws On transplantation of organs and (or) human tissues«and"On fundamentals of protecting the health of citizens in the Russian Federation".
In in accordance with the changes in Russia will form a constantly updated database with detailed information about donors and patients who need bone marrow transplantation. Not only medical professionals, but and citizens will also be able to use the register. To do this, it is possible to send requests to receive data from the register through the State Services. FMBA of Russia was instructed to develop a mechanism for submitting applications and receiving information.
Victims in an emergency will be able to receive psychological assistance
The legislators have included the provision of psychological assistance to the population in the list of tasks of the emergency prevention and response system, and the receipt of such assistance has been included in the list of the rights of Russians in the event of an emergency. Amendments to the Federal Law On protection of the population and territories from natural and technogenic emergencies» come into force on September 1st. How the Ministry of Emergency Situations will provide such assistance and in what time is not specified.
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